The Scroll Saw Art consists, essentially, in the crop offset a drawing or a project consisting of several designs, which allow the creation of so many pieces, which once assembled create models from simple to more elaborate. The wood used is usually compensated birch plywood, with thicknesses ranging from 0.4 to 8 mm.
After choosing to work with what thickness of wood, the pieces are polished and coated to then be colored with water-based enamels or acrylics, or polishing them, for example, with shellac and leaving unaltered the natural color of wood.
The main tool used to practice this wonderful art is the arch of tunnel; is available in different sizes (up to 50 cm in length) and is used by those who, like me, love to practice hand cutting.
They also needed a few blades of different sizes and teeth, one press for the cockerels of arch, a drill for drilling holes in the points to be cut, a tablet dovetail to support, to be used during cutting phases, lime, glue , sandpaper and especially a lot of patience and passion!
It can be also used the tunnel electric, in the market there are for every taste and every budget!
The art of the tunnel in past ages
Historically, it is difficult to say precisely what years was born in this art. The first mechanical tools were found in England and is presumed belong to the XV-XVI century, but do not know exactly if it would work for the wood, metal or leather. The first evidence of work done to the tunnel as a hobby dates back to the nineteenth century in Germany and later in France and the US, with works technically poor and devoid of joints, with little care of the style.
In Italy it was practiced by students who had learned in schools abroad, but with the difficulty of finding materials and tools. Great boost and diffusion gave Pietro Barelli of Milan, who founded his business in 1852 and over the years became very famous for the carving, sculpture, pyrography and other various hobbies, until the publication on 1 January 1878 of a collection of drawings for the tunnel called “The Italian Tunneler” designed by Arturo Fumel.
This Hobby became popular to the point that then followed several publications of the drawings; were exported all over Europe and were sold, in the following years, millions of copies, in addition to dedicated tools. All designs were designed by Arturo Fumel, an artist who, thanks to his imaginative drawings, brought the art of the tunnel at its best and that unfortunately has not enjoyed the notoriety it deserved.
Thank Pedro for his commitment to the dissemination of historical documents and its availability.
To see the original catalog dated 1906 and help Pedro looking for new documents click here.